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Mother fish and kids, Ethnic folk art, Madhubani Paint

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100% Positive feedback Visit shop:  Other item infoItem number:110689076775Item location:HYDERABAD, ANDHRA PRADESH, IndiaShips to:India | Last updated on 17 May, 2011 18:31:33 IST  Shop Categories

Madhubani Painting

Size: w 14 inches x h 18 inches.

Comes with a Mounting and Frame as in the picture. Best quality mounting assured.

Artist: Pavan Kumar

Tools: Hand made paper from grass, Painting brush, pointed nib, colours.

History: Originally a form of bhitti-chitra or wall art, this ancient art form of Madhubani is a heritage rooted in the rhythms of Hindu ritual life predominantly a feminine expression. The themes and motifs of Madhubani are drawn from a palette of mythical figures, gods and goddesses, ritual activity and very importantly, local flora and fauna. The region of Mithila(Bihar) abounds in marches and ponds from where the women draw their staple motifs of puren, lotus; fish, turtles, snakes and other elements of aquatic life. These nature motifs are also loaded with symbolic meaning-the turtle is also a symbol of Vishnu in one of his avatars, the snake is venerated as the guardian of the underworld, and the lotus and bamboo signify feminine and masculine sexuality respectively. This traditional art form was freed from its yoke to ritual life due to a drought that brought economic life in Mithila to a standstill in 1966.Government officials who were touring the region for relief work were astounded by way of its painted walls. A few women were persuaded to paint on paper. Madhubani painting has never looked back since. Already a world renowned art form, Madhubani`s aesthetic potential depends on the fragile links between the women artists, the cultural milieu, and economic. Three forms of Madhubani`s paintings are prevalent. Aripana is ritual floor art that is made afresh on auspicious occasions like pujas (worship), vratas (vows) and sanskaras (rites of passage). What is so unique about this craft? Madhubani painting uses white rice paste, turmeric, sindoor (vermillion powder) to depict tantric symbolic forms, symbols for the Mother Goddess, and motifs from nature and everyday life.

Bhitti chitra or wall paintings fall under two main types-those made by the upper caste Brahmin and Kayasth women, and Dushadh paintings and mud murals made by the marginalized themes from mainstream Hinduism-the Shaiva, Vaishnav and Shakti cults. The walls of the gosain ghar or prayer room are brightly painted with myraid deities and religious folk narratives. The kohbar ghar or nuptial room is painted when there is a wedding and newly wed perform many rituals, especially facing the eastern wall, to pray for marital bliss.

Festivals like chhath and Chauth chand are also occasions for doing this ritual art. Pastoral scenes are also favoured. Rites of passage from birth to death are accompanied by ritual painting on the walls of houses-sathhudi, a ritual observed during the seventh and ninth months of pregnancy; chatiyar puja, done on the sixth day after the birth of a child; annaprashan, to mark a child`s first eating of grain; akshararambh to mark a child`s entry into the world of learning; janaur, to mark the symbolic rebirth of young Brahmin boys; marriages and deaths.